Acceptable Daily Intake - FDA

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) set guidelines for allowable intake of high intensity sweeteners, including artificial and natural zero calorie varieties.

Intense Sweetener ADI

Name Sweetness - ADI - Packets-Equiv Cans of Coke
AcesulfameK 200 15 165 36.7
Advantame 20,000 32.8 4,000 888.9
Aspartame 200 50 165 37.6
Monk Fruit 300 Any Any Any
Neotame 8,000 0.3 200 44.4
Saccharin 300 15 250 56.6
Stevia Reb 300 4 29 6.4
Sucralose 600 5 165 36.7

Source: FDA Table for High-Intensity Sweeteners

Explanation of the above table:
Column 1: Name of Sweetener.
Column 2: Sweetness compared to sugar.
Column 3: ADI is the Acceptable Daily Intake in mg of the substance per Kg of body weight.
Column 4: Packets Equivalent is the amount of blue, yellow or pink sachets required for an average weight person to reach the ADI.
Column 5: Assuming there are 9 teaspoons of sugar in a 330ml can of coke or soda, then this represents the number of cans allowable daily, assuming no other consumption of the particular sweetener.

With the exception of Stevia, it would be difficult to reach the ADI for any of the above substances. Note the the FDA seem to consider the newest sweetener, Advantame, to be one of the safest. Over eight hundred cans of sody, sweetened with this substance, would be required to breach the limit.

For Monk Fruit also known as Luo Han Guo, no limit is set, it is considered to be safe at any quantity.



 

Guidelines for Other Sweeteners

Name Sweetness - ADI - Grams per Day Spoons of Sugar
FOS 0.5 140 10 2.5
Yacon Syrup 0.5 280 20 5
Sorbitol 0.55 700 50 12.5
Lactitol 0.4 555 40 10
Maltitol 0.9 1,400 100 25

Explanation of the above table:
Column 1: Name of Sweetener. FOS is Fructooligosaccharide
Column 2: Sweetness compared to sugar.
Column 3: ADI is the Acceptable Daily Intake in mg of the substance per Kg of body weight.
Column 4: Grams per day allowed for a person weight 72kg
Column 5: Sweetener effect compared to sugar at the max allowable per day.

Sources:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19254816

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/568700

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12548293




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