Sucrose, also know as common table sugar, is a carbohydrate that is found in fruit and vegetables.
It is disaccharide. A molecule of sucrose is made up of one molecule of glucose and one molecule of fructose linked by a bond called a glycosidic linkage.
Although this sounds rather scientific it is important to understand as it is one reason why table sugar is different from HFCS (High fructose corn syrup). Refined sugar has been part of the human diet for the last 600 years but use has dramatically increased in the last 100 years.
Sugar has begun to be replaced in the last number of years by other sweeteners, natural and artificial including high fructose corn syrup, aspartame, saccharin and sucralose.
Sugar gives you energy and in moderate amounts this may be okay in conjunction with exercise. It also tastes great, in fact it is the standard against which every other sweetener is measured. It can also act as a very good preservative, in foods and jams etc.
Excessive consumption of sugar has been linked to tooth decay, diabetes, and obesity. The FDA recommends no more than 10 spoons of added sugar per day for an adult. Most people in the developed world are consuming about four times this amount. A 500 ml bottle of soda typically contains about 60 gm of sugar. That is 15 teaspoons of sugar (each being 4 grams).
Mostly made from cane and from beet.
Ordinary table sugar.
Also called saccharose. It is broken down in the body into fructose and glucose. Although it is 50% fructose, because the body must first break it down into its component parts, it does not seem to present the same problems as pure fructose, or high fructose corn syrup.
Does not require approval.
Conclusions and Summary:
Safe enough taken in moderate quantities. However it is added to nearly all processed foods, so the safe daily quantity can easily be exceeded if care is not taken. Most people in the developed world are consuming about four times the safe amount.
Note that damage to teeth is not related to the quantity of sugar consumed, but to the duration of time the mouth is exposed to sugar. So a soda with 12 spoons of sugar will, if consumed quickly, have almost no detrimental effect on teeth. But a few hard sweets, containing say six spoons of sugar will have a much more harmful effect if sucked over a long period. So, unless you have dentures, avoid hard boiled sweets if they contain sugar!
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